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Dutch Art Deco Expressive Oak Dining Chairs - 1930's

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Art Deco era Dutch dining chairs in the style of Kramer and Hildo Krop, Netherlands, 1930s. Amsterdam School chairs in solid oak, exuberant and sculptural. The Amsterdam School (Dutch: Amsterdamse School) is a style of architecture that arose from 1910 through circa 1930 in the Netherlands. The Amsterdam School movement is part of international Expressionist architecture, sometimes linked to German Brick Expressionism. Buildings of the Amsterdam School are characterized by brick construction with complicated masonry with a rounded or organic appearance, relatively traditional massing, and the integration of an elaborate scheme of building elements inside and out: decorative masonry, art glass, wrought ironwork, spires or "ladder" windows (with horizontal bars), and integrated architectural sculpture. The aim was to create a total architectural experience, interior and exterior. Imbued with socialist ideals, the Amsterdam School style was often applied to working-class housing estates, local institutions and schools. For many Dutch towns Hendrik Berlage designed the new urban schemes, while the architects of the Amsterdam School were responsible for the buildings. With regard to the architectural style, Michel De Klerk had a different vision than Berlage. In the magazine "Bouwkundig Weekblad 45/1916" Michel De Klerk criticized Berlage's recent buildings in the style of Dutch Traditionalism. In this context, the Stock Exchange by Berlage of 1905 can be seen as the starting point of Traditionalist architecture. From 1920-1930 different parallel movements developed in the Netherlands: Traditionalism (Kropholler, partly Berlage), Expressionism (de Klerk, Kramer), De Stijl (Rietveld, Oud, van Doesburg with manifesto De Stijl/1917 against the "Modern Baroque" of the Amsterdam School), Rationalism (van Eesteren, van Tijen, Merkelbach with manifesto De-8/1927 against the Amsterdam School), Constructivism (Duiker, van der Vlugt), The specific Brick-Cubism by Dudok and Berlage. The Expressionist architecture of the Amsterdam School was the most successful style of the 1920s. For many foreign architects, Amsterdam was the "Mecca" for new town extensions. But the Traditionalist movement lasted longer, until the 1950s, thanks to the so-called delft School, represented by Martinus Granpré Molière at the delft University of Technology. In the 1960s the Rationalist movement was dominant. In a well-known speech, the Dutch Rationalist, Willem van Tijen declared the Amsterdam School a warning example for architects (published in Forum 9/1960-61). After the death of Piet Kramer in 1961, no architectural institution or museum was interested in his Expressionist work. For that reason, all his drawings, blueprints and models were burnt.
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W 56 cm, D 56 cm, H 101 cm, SH 46 cm

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